Archives for category: Bible

 

Video presentation of my post from September 30th, 2017 – War and Violence in the Bible and the Koran.

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Video presentation of my post from January 18th, 2014 – “No one can take my life from me” – Was Jesus really killed?

Video presentation of my post from October 13th, 2015 – 36 proofs from the New Testament that Jesus was not God

God willing, I will make more such videos.

 

 

1. The Bible tells us that Ishmael, son of Abraham through his second wife Hagar (Genesis 16:3), was sent away with his mother to the ”east” where he settled and started his own family. We also read that Abraham was distressed when he was asked to send Ishmael away(Genesis 21:11-13) and that God was ”with” Ishmael as he was growing up (Genesis 21:20).

Though the Bible mentions nothing about Ishmael’s life as an adult, it does record that Ishmael was present at Abraham’s funeral (Genesis 25:9). From this event, the following can be gathered:
a) Ishmael maintained a close bond with his father and step-brother. How else could he have heard of Abraham’s passing? And why else would he travel back to the land of his birth to attend a funeral?
b) Ishmael was most certainly worshiping the God of Abraham; he did not return to bury Abraham as a polytheist/idolater. The same cannot be said of Abraham’s other sons through Keturah, as they were not present at the funeral.
c) Ishmael would have certainly raised his children to worship the God of Abraham; he would have established a community of monotheists away from the land of Canaan where Abraham and Isaac lived.

2. Abraham did not send Ishmael away and forget about him. Rabbinic traditions and the 21st chapter of the Book of Jasher (referred to in 2Samuel 1:18 and Joshua 10:13) mention Abraham’s travels to the land where Ishmael lived. In summary:

Afterward Abraham went to see Ishmael, and, according to his promise to Sarah, stopped at his son’s tent without alighting from his camel. Ishmael was not within; his wife refused Abraham food, and beat her children and cursed her husband within Abraham’s hearing. Abraham thereupon asked her to tell Ishmael when he returned that an old man had asked that he change the peg of the tent. Ishmael understood that it was his father, took the hint, and drove away his wife. He then married another woman, named Faṭimah, who, when three years later Abraham came again to see his son, received him kindly; therefore Abraham asked her to tell Ishmael that the peg was good.
Source: Jewish encyclopedia

3. That Abraham traveled to meet Ishmael is in harmony with the Islamic belief that Abraham built the Kaaba along with Ishmael (Surah 2:127); this event implies that Abraham was physically present with Ishmael in Arabia. Thus, Abraham came to be known in Arabia during the lifetime of Ishmael. The later Arabs fell into idolatry and venerated Abraham, indicating that they had retained the memory of Abraham being their distant ancestor. According to a hadith (Bukhari volume 4, book 55, number 571) the Kaaba, upon conquest by Mohammad, was found to contain images of Abraham and Ishmael – obviously placed by pre-Islamic Arabs.

4. Abraham – through Ishmael – is thus historically linked to the the Kaaba, the Arabs and Islam. There is no denying that the Arabs, like the Israelites, had fallen into idolatry and polytheism; that changed in the 7th century AD when Mohammad conquered Mecca and restored to Arabia the monotheistic worship of the God of Abraham.

Christianity has its roots in the monotheistic religion of the Israelites, that we read about in the Old Testament. Christians consider the Old Testament as the foundation of their faith, and include it as part of their own scriptures. But in spite of the Old Testament’s unequivocal teaching that God is One and not a man or a son of man, Christians have made the rather strange assertion that the God of the Israelites is a “trinity” and that Jesus – a man born of a woman – is the second person of that “trinity” as “God the son”.

Trinitarian Christians often utilize the Old Testament to argue that God is, in fact, a “trinity”. This is strange considering the Jews, from whom they inherited the Old Testament, never understood God as being “triune” in all their history. If the Bible has Jewish roots, and if the Jews never believed that God is a “trinity” or that He walked the earth in the form of a man, it raises the question: Where did these ideas come from? In numerous passages in the Old Testament, God explicitly declares He alone is God and that He cannot be likened to anything. God explicitly and unequivocally warns against being represented by images, even that of humans. In this regard, there is simply no room for the ideas of a “triune” God and the godhood of Jesus, the son of Mary. The Old Testament’s language and phrasing very plainly points to a monotheistic faith.

If at all it is claimed that the Old Testament proves the “trinity”, it is only so because Trinitarian Christians are reading the doctrine of the “trinity” back into the Old Testament. Trinitarian Christians often deploy fuzzy phraseology and semantic arguments to try to force-fit the “trinity” and Jesus’ godhood into the Old Testament. By forcing things to fit where they simply cannot, Trinitarian Christians will argue that the One God of the Old Testament is actually the “trinity” and that Jesus is “fully man and fully God”. Such an approach is akin to shooting arrows first and then painting targets where the arrowheads hit.

The Christian idea that God descended in the form of a human is far removed from the strict monotheism of the Old Testament and is, instead, virtually identical to the Hindu concept of “avatars”, i.e. human forms assumed by the transcendental God. It is also a known fact that many other cultures (such as those of the Romans, Greeks, Scandinavians, Babylonians etc.) had anthropomorphic deities that were represented in the forms of men and women. The religion of the Biblical Israelites stood apart from its contemporaries solely due to its conception of God being an absolute One and without form – including that of a human.

The very notion of a triune God rests entirely upon the assumed godhood of the Messiah, Jesus. The “trinity” collapses once the notion of Jesus’ godhood is refuted using nothing but the New Testament. This will be done through numerous proof-texts, that – God willing – will be presented in this article.

I have broadly categorized the proof-texts under these 3 headings:
A. The humanity of Jesus
B. Jesus’ subordination to God
C. Jesus’ shortcomings as “God”

Certainly, some proof-texts may fit into more than one category, but my intent was to have a general system of categorization that would facilitate quick referencing. God willing, this article will reach and impact those it is being written for.

May God open our eyes to the truth.

*****

THE HUMANITY OF JESUS

1. Jesus’ had a genealogy and was descended from David

This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David… – Matthew 1:1

As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, calling out, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” – Matthew 9:27

The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” – Matthew 21:9

…regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life was a descendant of David… – Romans 1:3

The Eternal God simply does not have a lineage or human ancestry and so Jesus was not “God”.

2. Jesus was the son of Mary

She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” – Matthew 1:21

But he did not consummate their marriage until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus. – Matthew 1:25

On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. – Matthew 2:11

When they had gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. “Get up,” he said, “take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt… – Matthew 2:13-14

“Get up, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who were trying to take the child’s life are dead”. So Joseph got up, took the Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel.… – Matthew 2:20-21

You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. – Luke 1:31

They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers. – Acts 1:14

The mother-son relationship between Mary and Jesus is, by far, one of the most potent arguments against Jesus’ godhood. If Jesus was “God”, then it logically follows that Mary is the “mother of God”, whether or not Christians acknowledge it. The truth is that Mary did not give birth to anything other than a mortal human being.

3. Jesus was likened to Adam

But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many – Romans 5:15

So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. – 1Corinthians 5:45

The “man” in the first part of the verse is a reference to Adam, whose sin – according to Christian theology – caused death to enter the world. So why would Paul liken “God the son” to Adam?

4. Jesus ate and drank

The Son of Man came eating and drinking… – Matthew 11:19

Does God eat and drink?

5. Jesus felt hungry and thirsty

The next day as they were leaving Bethany, Jesus was hungry. – Mark 11:2

After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. – Matthew 4:2

Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” – John 19:28

Does God feel hungry and thirsty?

6. Jesus called himself a “man”

As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. – John 8:40

Jesus states he is a man speaking what he heard from God – no different from previous prophets. The Trinitarian claim that Jesus was “fully God and fully man” has no foundation in the Bible.

7. Jesus was seen as a prophet

They looked for a way to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowd because the people held that he was a prophet. – Matthew 21:46

Jesus was seen as a mortal human prophet. The Israelites always understood prophets as messengers of God who were not, in any way, divine.

8. Jesus was a human mediator

For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, – 1Timothy 2:5

The writer makes it clear that there is One God and Jesus is only a man who mediates between God and mankind.

9. Jesus was a man with God-given authority

When the crowd saw this, they were filled with awe; and they praised God, who had given such authority to man. – Matthew 9:8

The writer very clearly understood Jesus as a man with God-given authority, not a divine man or God in the flesh.

10. Jesus was a man accredited and appointed by God

“Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. – Acts 2:22-23

For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to everyone by raising him from the dead.” – Acts 17:31

Like others before him, Jesus was a man ‘accredited’ and ‘appointed’ by God, and thus Jesus is not “God” himself.

11. Jesus is called a ”son of man”

He then began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders… – Mark 8:31

But I want you to know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” So he said to the man, – Mark 2:10 (Also see: Matthew 9:6 and Luke 5:24)

In numerous places Jesus addresses himself as the ”son of man” – a phrase applied to humans in the Old Testament. Why would God ever be a ”son of man”? God, in the Old Testament, categorically denies being a man or a son of man. There is no question of a ”son of man” being God.

*****

B. JESUS’ SUBORDINATION TO GOD

12. Jesus himself has a God

…so that with one mind and one voice you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. – Romans 15:6

(Also see: 2Corinthians 11:31, Ephesians 1:3, Ephesians 1:17, Ephesians 3:14, Colossians 1:3, 1Peter 1:3)

But I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God. – 1Corinthians 11:3

The New Testament routinely states that God and Jesus are separate persons and that God is also the God of Jesus. In the verses above, God is the God OF Jesus, thus ruling out any possibility that Jesus is God or co-equal with God.

13. Jesus taught to worship and pray to God

Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.'” – Matthew 4:10

But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. – Matthew 6:6

“But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers – John 4:23

Jesus directed all worship only to God, who he called the “Father”, and not the “God the son” or the “God, the Holy Spirit”. Jesus never demanded worship for himself.

14. Jesus prayed to God while submitting to His will

Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.” – Matthew 26:39

During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. – Hebrews 5:7

Jesus prays to the “Father” – the first person of the so-called “trinity”. God is sovereign and submits to nobody. Jesus on the other hand submits to the will of God, which demonstrates that Jesus was subordinate to God, and therefore could not have been “God” in any way or form.

15. Jesus emphasized doing the will of God and not his own.

“My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work. – John 4:34

“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. – Matthew 7:21

For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. – John 6:38

I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.” – John 12:50

Jesus found it important to do the will of God – not his own – and taught the same to others. Thus, he could not have been God.

16. Jesus said God is greater than him

My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. – John 10:29

If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. – John 14:28

Jesus plainly makes it clear that God is greater than him and thus Jesus could not have been God. A monotheist would know that there is nobody greater than God.

17. Jesus was circumcised according to the Law

On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise the child, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he was conceived. – Luke 2:21

Did God have to keep the physical sign of His covenant that He made with his own people? Obviously not. Like any other Israelite, Jesus had to be circumcised on the eighth day as per Israelite Law.

18. Jesus was presented to God according to the Law

When the time came for the purification rites required by the Law of Moses, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord – Luke 2:22

Jesus was presented to God in the temple, like any other Israelite firstborn. Mary and Joseph were keeping the commands that God gave to the Israelites.

19. Jesus affirmed the Shema

One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, “Of all the commandments, which is the most important?”.”The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one’. – Mark 12:28-29

Jesus affirmed the Shema – the Israelite statement of faith in One God, which would have applied to Jesus, who was an Israelite himself. Jesus did not attempt to modify it so as to accommodate a “trinity” or his own supposed godhood. How, then, do Trinitarians see the “trinity” and Jesus’ godhood in the Shema?

20. Jesus identified as a Jew

You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. – John 4:22

Jesus identifies as part of the monotheistic Jewish community, and thus would have never claimed Godhood.

21. Jesus’ God is the God of the people

‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.” – John 20:17

This proves Jesus was part of a community that worshiped God, and was thus not “God” himself.

22. Jesus at the right hand of God

After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and he sat at the right hand of God. – Mark 16:19

But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.” – Luke 22:69

“I am,” said Jesus. “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.” – Mark 14:62

“You have said so,” Jesus replied. “But I say to all of you: From now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.” – Matthew 26:64

But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. – Acts 7:55

Christ Jesus who died–more than that, who was raised to life-is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us. – Romans 8:34

After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. – Hebrews 1:3

We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, – Hebrews 8:1

But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, – Hebrews 10:12

For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.- Hebrews 12:2

If Jesus was “God”, why do we have so many verses mentioning that he sits at ”the right hand” of God? This clearly proves that Jesus is separate from God.

*****

C. JESUS’ SHORTCOMINGS AS “GOD”

23. Jesus had to learn obedience

Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered… – Hebrew 5:9

If Jesus needed to learn obedience to God, he simply could not have been God.

24. Jesus had to be made perfect

…and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him. – Hebrew 5:9

If Jesus was “God”, shouldn’t he, by nature, be perfect?

25. Jesus is lesser than the third person of the so-called “trinity”

Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come. – Matthew 12:32

Speaking against “God the son” is forgivable, but that doesn’t seem apply to speaking against the Holy Spirit. This proves that the members of the so called “trinity” are unequal in status and that there exists a hierarchy within the “trinity” – no different from the pantheons of pagan religions.

26. Jesus felt forsaken

About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”). – Matthew 27:46

Why would “God the son”, cry out to God about being forsaken?

27. Jesus was made lower than the angels

But we do see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while… – Hebrews 2:9

Why would “God” who created the angels be made “lower than the angels”, even if for “a little while”?

28. Jesus doesn’t get to decide who sits to his left and right

Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink from my cup, but to sit at my right or left is not for me to grant. These places belong to those for whom they have been prepared by my Father.” – Matthew 20:21,23

If Jesus was “God”, how is it that he doesn’t get to decide who sits to his left and right? Jesus also states that only the Father decides the places to Jesus’ right and left.

29. Jesus is given authority, glory, honour, power and exaltation by God

Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. – Matthew 28:18

He received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to him from the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” – 2Peter 1:17

Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, – Philippians 2:9

The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his servant Jesus. – Acts 3:13

Jesus replied, “If I glorify myself, my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me. – John 8:54

how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him. – Acts 10:38

God’s honour and glory is His own and was not given to Him by anybody. God by nature is exalted and is the sole possessor of glory, honour and power. If Jesus was “God”, why would he need to be “given” glory and honour?

30. Jesus does not know the day or hour

“But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father” – Matthew 24:36

If Jesus was “God”, why didn’t he know the day or hour’?

31. Jesus was raised by God

And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies because of his Spirit who lives in you. – Romans 8:11
(Also see: Romans 10:59, 1Corinthians 6:4, 2Corinthians 4:14, 1Thessalonians 1:10, Hebrew 13:20, 1Peter 1:21, 2Timothy 2:8)

The fact that Jesus had to be raised by Someone other than him proves that Jesus was not God, that is if “God” can even die in the first place.

32. Jesus could do nothing of his own

By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me. – John 5:30

Jesus gave them this answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does.- John 5:19

So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. – John 8:28

Jesus states that he does nothing of his own and that he does as he is told. This proves that Jesus was not the Almighty Sovereign God at all.

33. Jesus’ teaching and words were not his own

Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me. – John 7:16

These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me. – John 14:24

For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken. – John 12:49

Jesus’ teachings and words are from God. Jesus is simply doing as he is told. Does this sound like God to you?

34. Jesus questioned being called “good”

“Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. “No one is good–except God alone. – Luke 18:19

Jesus questions being called “good”, he would not have proclaimed being God.

35. Jesus was tempted

Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. – Matthew 4:1

…where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. – Luke 4:2

For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are – yet he did not sin. – Hebrews 4:15

If Jesus was “God”, it’s beyond absurd to think Satan would ever dare to tempt God. The New Testament itself makes it clear that God cannot be tempted.

36. Jesus was not considered “God” by his followers

No one has ever seen God; but if we love one another, God lives in us and his love is made complete in us. – 1John 4:12

This passage requires special attention as it was written after Jesus’ death and resurrection. If Jesus’ disciples knew Jesus as “God”, why does the writer echo the Old Testament idea that no man has seen God? Was not Jesus, whom he saw every day, “God” to him?

*****

The New Testament is rather consistent in its portrayal of Jesus as a man, not as God or even anywhere close to being equal to God. Granted, there are a number of passages that Trinitarian Christians will continue to cite as proofs that God is a “trinity” and that Jesus is “God the son”. However, the multitude of passages that unmistakably present Jesus as the human son of Mary living in submission to God cannot be brushed aside. Instead, they must be given precedence over any vague “proof-texts” that are cited in favour of the “trinity” and Jesus’ godhood.
The Old Testament is foundational to the Christian faith. Therefore, the New Testament must be studied in light of its predecessor and not the other way round. The New Testament cannot be interpreted in a way that violates the Old Testament idea of the monotheistic nature of God. When this is sincerely done, Jesus is seen as a human who had submitted to God in all he did – in words, deeds and worship. Jesus was a man. A very special man, but a man nonetheless.

The “Kalki Purana” happens to be a prophetic book in the Hindu tradition. A few days ago, I happened upon some prophecy related websites that claimed there are certain similarities between the prophecies of the “Kalki Purana” and the Bible, specifically the Book of Revelation. I haven’t read the entire text of the “Kalki Purana” to double check and cross verify the claims, but here is a brief summary of what I have learned so far. Please note that I am not endorsing the “Kalki Purana” but I felt it would be worthwhile to examine the parallels between it and the Bible. I gently advice the reader to do their own research on this matter.

1. Biblical Christ / Kalki?
Hinduism has its version of an end times hero called “Kalki”. Like the saviour on a white horse described in the Book of Revelations (who Christians say is Jesus), Kalki is also described as riding a white horse.

I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. – Revelation 19:11

Interestingly Kalki is often depicted as riding a white horse.

Additionally, both the bible and the hindu records state that the Christ/Kalki will return at a time when the world has entered a state of great mortal degeneracy.

2. Biblical Gog and Magog / “Kok and Bikok”?
Lord Kalki, along with his soldiers armed with various types of weapons engaged in war with Kok and Bikok . These two brothers are supreme demons, great fanatics and adept in the art of war. These brothers are intimately connected, powerful, hard to defeat and are even feared by the Gods. (Kalki Purana, III, Verses 43 & 44)

“Kok and Vikok” are most certainly cognates of “Gog and Magog”, described as a mighty army in the Bible.

3. Biblical Anti-Christ/beast / “Koli”?

The Bible speaks of an evil one, the anti-christ who gathers his allies to wage war agaisnt the rider on the horse

Then I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies gathered together to wage war against the rider on the horse  and his army. – Revelation 19:19

Hindu prophecies also contain an anti-christ type character called “Koli” who gathers his allies to make war against Kalki.

Hearing that Kalki has come for battle, the angry Koli, along with his allies, sons and grandsons came riding on a chariot out of the city of Bishasan. On seeing Koli, Kalki ordered his followers to engage in battle with him. (Kalki Purana, III, Verses 32, 33, 35, 36)

4. Biblical Babylon / “Bishasan”?
The book of Revelation highlights a certain city called “Babylon” that is understood to be the “capital city” of the anti-Christ. That city (symbolized as a prostitute) is said to be destroyed by fire as we read in Revelation 18

Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her. – Revelation 18:8

…And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city! – Revelation 18:18

In Hindu prophecy, the anti-christ also has a capital city called “Bishasan”, which is also destroyed by fire:

Soon they entered the city of Bishasan, the capital of Koli, and burnt down the city using fiery missile. Alongwith the city, Koli too was burnt and his sons and relatives were destroyed. (Kalki Purana, III, Verses 9 & 10)

Very interesting, to say the least.

In Revelation 13, the “second beast” – also described as the “false prophet” – puts in place a system to subjugate people using a mysterious “mark” or number – It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of its name. This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man.That number is 666.- Revelation 13:16-18

The number “666” is the most intriguing symbol in the book of Revelation. The importance of understanding the number and what it stands for is illustrated in verse 18 where the author of Revelation invites those with insight to try and “calculate” the mark of the beast. It is only with a correct understanding of the meaning of the number “666” that we can hope to accurately decipher the other verses pertaining to the anti-Christ. A failure to understand what the number “666” stands for would render our attempts to decipher Revelation futile. From the passage quoted in the beginning, the first thing one ought to gather about the “mark” or “666” is that its primary purpose has to do with economic control and subjugation – after all only those with the “mark” or “666” on their right hands and foreheads can buy or sell.

The popular interpretation of the “mark” on the forehead/right hand passage is that it is a reference to implantable chip technology. While it is undoubtedly an elegant theory that may very well be fulfilled in the near future, there is still a good chance that it stops short of fully explaining what the “mark” or “666” on the forehead/right hand really is. Old Testament Parallels We have good reason to believe the author of Revelation was simply using Old Testament motifs in describing the “mark” on the forehead/right hand. I say this because the imagery of the beasts mark on the forehead or the hand, as described in Revelation appears to be a twisted mirror image of verses in the Book of Deuteronomy, where God The Israelites are told regarding the Commandments of God –  Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. – Deuteronomy 6:8 You shall therefore impress these words of mine on your heart and on your soul; and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontals on your forehead – Deuteronomy 11:18

I believe that the author of Revelation was attempting to portray the anti-Christ as someone who would mimic the way in which God instructed the Israelites to bind the Law on their forehead and hands. In other words, accepting the anti-Christs “mark” on the right hand or forehead amounts to accepting his “law” and thus, him as leader. It is only under this condition that people would be allowed to carry out trade; in other words the anti-Christ is depicted in Revelation as someone who – among other things – wields the power to subjugate economically.

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Interestingly, even the number ‘666’ , has its origins in the Old Testament, specifically from the passages speaking of King Solomon’s rule and authority. Now the weight of gold which came in to Solomon in one year was 666 talents of gold, – 1 Kings 10:14 Christians have written tons of material attempting to explain the number 666 but only very rarely have do they ever make mention of 666  as it appears in 1 Kings 10:14. We see that 666  – even in the Old Testament – has clear connotations of economic control and subjugation. Solomon, as King of Israel, was receiving tributes of 666 talents of gold from those who were subjugated by him.

In other words, they had accepted and submitted to the domination of King Solomon. This leads me to believe that “worshiping” the beast  is not going to be of religious nature, rather it is simply a metaphor for choosing to accept the anti-Christ as supreme leader and living by his law. While many insist that Revelation is speaking of people literally worshiping the anti-Christ as a god, the actual word used for worship, proskuneo can also mean an act of homage given to people in authority. Revelation states that 666 is “the number of a man”.

The number 666 may well be considered as Solomon’s ‘number’, after all Solomon was associated with  666 – the number of gold talents he was receiving from those who had submitted to his rule. Thus, the phrase “number of a man” could have been intended as a reference to a man named Solomon, whose authority was symbolised by 666. I believe its well worth speculating that the writer of revelation was trying to tell us the anti-Christ is going to be named ‘Solomon’. Or that the anti-Christ is going to be an evil version of King Solomon – a mighty ruler from Jerusalem.

God knows best.

Please refer to a related article – https://humbleunderstanding.wordpress.com/2013/01/27/some-insights-on-the-mark-of-the-beast/